Peritoneal Mesothelioma Treatment Types

While pleural mesothelioma affects approximately twice as many patients, abdominal or peritoneal mesothelioma accounts for almost one third of all cases. Treatments fall into three broad categories: surgical, chemical and radiological. Research is ongoing and scientific and technological advances are made in all three areas on a regular basis.

Surgery

The removal of the tumors and cancerous masses associated with peritoneal mesothelioma is not a random or haphazard procedure. On the contrary, a highly-trained surgical team that has already designed an optimal strategy uses the latest in surgical tools and medical technology to perform a precise and minimally destructive operation. In this procedure, all, obviously malignant tissue is removed as is some of the surrounding healthy tissue. This ensures, as far as possible, that all of the malignant cancer cells are excised. In addition, excess fluids are removed and drains emplaced that will keep the cavity free of any further buildup of unnecessary liquids. In many cases, radiation or chemotherapy will be recommended to ensue the complete eradication of the cancerous cells.

Radiation

Ominous as it may seem, subjecting your body to the high energy waves of radiation therapy is a potent, lasting and completely recoverable way of treating mesothelioma. In fact, radiation therapy is no longer the whole body procedure that hoped to kill the cancer before it did so to the patient. Radiation therapy has made remarkable strides in the past two decades.

External

External radiation therapy still depends on the application of electromagnetic waves from outside the body. This radiation, however, is closely monitored and localized to an exact focus that does the most damage to cancer cells while leaving the surrounding, healthy tissue intact.

Internal

Internal radiation therapy, on the other hand, is highly selective in the placement of the radioactive material. Specific radio isotopes that will preferentially bond to the cancerous cells are introduced into or near the cancerous site. These isotopes then selectively bond to and kill the malignant cells without damaging the adjacent healthy tissue.

Chemotherapy

The use of targeted chemicals is another weapon in the arsenal against mesothelioma. These highly potent oncological agents work in two ways. Some kill the cancerous cells while others strike at the heart of the problem and stop their multiplication. The object of chemotherapy is to kill cells that are rapidly dividing, a key characteristic of cancer cells, while, essentially, leaving other cells alone. This form of mesothelioma therapy is especially useful when the cancer has spread throughout the body.

Advances occur every day in the battle with peritoneal mesothelioma. The most severe cases should consider the viability of trying one of the potentially life-saving techniques being researched in a clinical trial.

In any case, the decision to undertake a specific course of treatment is fraught with indecision. No treatment seems exactly right. If you or a loved one are faced with just such a challenging decision, please contact us. We can provide the latest information on treatment methodologies and any cutting edge clinical trials.